On 01 October 2018, Vice Admiral Paul Bennet, Chief of Staff Allied Command Transformation, visited the JALLC in order to improve awareness and understanding regarding the role of the JALLC within NATO, the Lessons Learned Process and JALLC's contribution to the Alliance’s objectives.
The visit started with an Office Call with Brigadier General António Nascimento – the Commander of the JALLC – followed by a tailored briefing, during which Vice Admiral Bennet was able to discuss the Lessons Learned Processes and the outputs of the JALLC, deriving from its refocused mission.
Vice Admiral Bennet departed with words of appreciation for the opportunity to gain a better understanding of the JALLC, and expressing his willingness to support the JALLC as it moves forward in its new path as NATO lead agent for Lessons Learned. This idea of total commitment to the Lessons Learned process was reinforced by the JALLC's Commander, who also stressed that the way forward is for the increase in the sharing of lessons learned, by NATO and nations.
Day 3 of NTE18 provided lots of opportunity for participants to pull together the results of their thinking on what had been presented over the previous two days.
The day began with the first panel of the day on the Lessons Learned Challenges, moderated by Mrs Jackie Eaton, the Science and Technology Advisor to the NATO Science and Technology Office of the NATO Scientist. Brigadier General Athanasios Tsouganatos, the Assistant Chief of Staff Joint Force Development HQ SACT; Brigadier Franz Pfrengle, Assistant Chief of Staff J7 SHAPE; Captain Jack Taylor, Lessons Learned Branch Chief, MILMED Centre of Excellence; Mr John Redmayne, the JALLC’s Principal Operational Research Analyst; and Mr Al Musgrove, a strategy, policy, and engagement analyst, Joint Lessons Learned Division, US Joint Chiefs of Staff, joined Mrs Eaton as panel members.
Mrs Eaton introduced the panel by pointing out that the generic learning process was about how individuals learned whereas the Lessons Learned process was about the way that organizations learn. She then asked the audience to consider whether they thought their own organizations had all six characteristics of a learning organization: an open culture; feedback loops; the promotion of personal mastery; planning for intelligent fast failure; stealing best practice; and cultivating a common vision.
She then posed the first question to the panel, asking the members what they thought was the biggest challenge for NATO in relation to Lessons Learned, which each panel member had an opportunity to answer. In this context Lessons Learned were referred to as the stepchild of NATO at every level, in the sense that they are often conducted as an afterthought in between getting to the next task. Sometimes they are postponed, or not done at all. All were agreed that what seemed to be needed was a change of mindset, leadership, and culture—areas where the human factor was at least as important as assistance from new technologies.
During the panel, good examples were given of how NATO does learn lessons, quickly, efficiently and effectively when there is a real sense of urgency. It will now be important to ensure that this sense of urgency is felt across the Lessons Learned Community and beyond to ensure that we can drive change and really begin to take action to improve the NATO Lessons Learned Capability.
Mr Liviu Lazar, the NATO Industry Relations Coordinator, then gave a presentation on Bridging the Problem and Solution Space. He spoke about the importance of ensuring that the problem was clearly articulated, of asking the right questions, especially “why”—something that was often difficult in a military organization—and of acknowledging that the most appropriate solution might well be a surprising one.
The second panel of the day covered the topic of New Technology Features, moderated by Dr Michael Street, the Head of Innovation and Data Science at NATO Communications and Information (NCI) Agency.
Dr Gabriele Rizzo, the Lead Scientist, Strategic Innovation, in the CTO and Strategy of Leonardo and Professor at Sapienza University of Rome; Roy Hasson, Global Development Manager, Analytics and Data Lakes, at Amazon Web Services; Mark Hoffman, Senior Manager at Lockheed Martin ATL; Pascal Mougin, Director Business Capture at Thales Raytheon Systems; and Dr Leid Zejnilovic, Professor at Nova School of Business and Economics of Lisbon all joined Dr Street on stage as panel members.
An interesting discussion followed, starting with how technology could be used help to increase the outflow from a Lessons Learned database and could act as the critic sitting on the analyst’s shoulder.
The discussion then ranged over the value of the contextual knowledge that the user of the data had, and how that could help to specify or even provide the service required. What was sometimes lacking was the audacity to experiment and fail.
The panel noted that more important than identifying the right technology to solve a problem was first really understanding the problem and the problem owner. If the purpose was understood, along with what action needed to be taken to serve that purpose, then the technological solutions would follow.
The last day of the event wound up with two parallel workshops taking place, one dedicated to the subject matter experts and the other to key leaders. Both saw lively discussions and positive feedback on the NTE18.
BGEN Antonio Nascimento closed the event with some final thoughts, noting that the event has exceeded expectations and had been both productive and informative. He said that there was a desire to continue the work started at the NTE18, to maintain the community of interest, and to explore ways to now work more closely together.
Day 2 of NTE18 was devoted to presentations and demonstrations of technological solutions with the potential to improve the NATO Lessons Learned Capability from the remaining six participants from industry and academia: Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Laboratories, Amazon Web Services, the combined team from Engineering School for Cognitive Sciences of Bordeaux-ThalesRaytheonSystems-IBM, NCI Agency, Sopra Steria, and Indexima.
The very interesting and thought-provoking presentations were interspersed with plenty of time for participants to visit the booths, see products demonstrated in more detail and discuss what they had heard.
Today was also a day for some new technology buzz words for the less tech-savvy, such as data lakes, ingesting data, wrappers around processes, zero time, real time, speed to insight, the human first principle, human autonomy teaming agent, virtual and augmented reality, and a scrum master.
This second day of the NTE18 gave participants the opportunity to learn about a wide range of new technologies, and sparked a broad range of questions and comments.
Today was the first day of the first edition of the NATO New Technologies Event 2018 (NTE18), hosted by the JALLC. Participants from NATO, the Nations, industry and academia came together to share, discuss, learn, and challenge. Participants enjoyed the mix of presentations, demonstrations, and booth sessions and went away with lots to think about and to look forward to tomorrow.
The Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre’s Commander Brigadier General Antonio Nascimento welcomed participants. He said that the aim of the event was to explore available and emerging technologies and to discuss their potential for meeting the challenges in capturing and making best use of Lessons Learned.
All nine of the industry and academia participants taking part in the NTE18 then introduced themselves briefly, providing an executive summary of the presentations and demonstrations they will be delivering at the NTE18.
After lunch, there was a first opportunity for participants to visit the Booths, try out some of the technology being demonstrated, ask questions, and explore what technology might be able to do in their areas of responsibility.
Vice Admiral Paul Bennett’s keynote address placed the Event in the context of Allied Command Transformation’s responsibilities. He focussed on the speed that technologies were developing and how they are changing the nature of warfare.
The pace is such that they are termed disruptive and emerging technologies. ACT is no longer just horizon scanning for new technologies— but fundamentally changing the way NATO works.
He noted that NATO Nations were investing in technology through defence budgets but the main investment was through industry for civilian applications such as quantum technology, 3D printing, robotics and nanotechnology.
He went on to highlight that the defence and security community must now apply risk-based judgements as to how far and how quickly to exploit the new technologies. The Lessons Learned Process in NATO is challenged by the use of outdated methods of data collection, information management and sharing, and the speed of relevance of analysis.
The gap now needs to be bridged between NATO’s clear needs and the technological opportunities that industry and academia can provide. Vice Admiral Bennett did, however, note that the technological solutions that will eventually bridge this gap were relatively straightforward and already in use.
The important thing now was to focus on identifying solutions and collaborating on them immediately after NTE18 so that progress could be made quickly.
BGEN Nascimento gave a presentation on the NATO Lessons Learned Capability, and the need to progress from optimization to innovation. He described the NATO Lessons Learned Capability from a new perspective of interconnectivity.
The event was the perfect opportunity to focus on innovation in relation to the tools pillar of the Capability, particularly the NATO Lessons Learned Portal (NLLP). He noted in this context that the NLLP fitted the present operating environment relatively well, but would of course need to change to keep up with evolving technology.
BGEN Nascimento outlined the way ahead from this event regarding the identification of potential technological solutions that could improve the NATO Lessons Learned Capability. In this respect, he mentioned the ongoing work the JALLC is conducting to analyse such potential solutions.
Finally, he noted the importance of looking beyond short-term solutions and keeping one eye on the horizon for the future challenges and opportunities that technology may bring.
Major Cedric Sauvion gave a presentation on the NATO ACT Innovation Hub, which supports NATO priorities through a process of Open Innovation.
The Hub is both a physical and a virtual space that collects innovative ideas from a wide range of people and entities from outside NATO. The Hub has over 2000 experts from 65 nations as collaborators. Its assets and know how are then available to anyone in NATO and the Nations.
It is not just a think tank—it focuses on implementing solutions, with end users, solution designers and ideas providers working together.
To boost innovation everywhere in the Alliance, the NATO innovation challenge invites the worldwide public to propose solutions to an issue identified by the experts and compete for a prize!
Mr Stephan Brunessaux of Airbus then gave an introduction to the terminology for new technologies, particularly for artificial intelligence.
He told us that AI was:
“a set of theories and techniques with the objectives to mimic human behaviours and create a computer that ‘thinks’ like a human.”
It was not new. Alan Turing had created a test for it in the 1950s and Stephan soon had all NTE18 participants distinguishing dogs from muffins.
AI can surpass humans in a number of tasks—playing games such as chess, finding anomalies, classifying images, diagnosing diseases—but it still lacks common sense and general knowledge.
AI is focused on narrow tasks and there is no general artificial intelligence robot, except in the movies.
Finally, representatives from 4C Strategies, Speech Processing Solutions, and Airbus Defence and Space had the opportunity to present and demonstrate their potential technological solution to improve the NATO Lessons Learned Capability.
The first day of the NTE18 was overall well received. Tomorrow is dedicated to the remaining presentations and demonstrations from industry and academia.
This week the JALLC published the September edition of its newsletter The Explorer, the second to be published in 2018. It introduces JALLC’s new Commander Brigadier General Antonio Nascimento of the Portuguese Air Force and includes features on JALLC’s support to Exercises, understanding Lessons Learned, and the NATO-wide Executive Development Programme, as well as all the latest news on JALLC’s projects and events. It also provides information on the first NATO New Technologies Event, which the JALLC is hosting for Allied Command Transformation in Lisbon from 02 to 04 October.
The countdown has well and truly started to the New Technology Event (NTE18) hosted by the JALLC at the Lisbon Congress Centre on 02 to 04 October.
On 26 September 2018, the JALLC launched its exclusive web app—NTE18 App—for participants at the event. Those attending now have a password that will give them access on their phone, tablet or laptop to real time information about the agenda, the speakers, the travel arrangements, the beautiful city of Lisbon and so on. They will be able to get reports of event sessions and add their own comments in an interactive blog, see daily galleries of photographs of what went on, start conversations, and easily and conveniently provide feedback on the event.
This is a first for the JALLC. The idea is for the event to be interactive, and the use of digital devices will be positively encouraged! Our aim is for everyone to be scrolling and typing as the event takes place.
We are delighted to be able to provide such a convenient and carbon-neutral way of keeping up to date with the programme, seeing what contributors have said, and adding comments and feedback—all in a way that is in keeping with the subject matter of the event itself. The JALLC was tasked by Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT) to organize an event that would allow industry and academia to get together with NATO and national representatives to look at potential solutions to the challenges of collecting, analysing and managing data, based on new technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, analytics and polyglot tools. The aim is to ensure that the Alliance can make the most of the information available for its Lessons Learned process and transform to meet current and future challenges. The event will include trade-fair style booths, presentations, demonstrations and subject-expert panel sessions.
Did you know that the JALLC provides vital Lessons Learned support to NATO's Exercises?
In order to ensure that Allied Military Forces from different Nations can work together during an operation (what the military call: Interoperability) and that they are ready and responsive, these forces need to train and exercise together on a regular basis.
NATO Exercises come in different formats including Live Exercises in which actual forces participate and Command Post Exercises or Computer Assisted Exercises which are HQ exercises involving commanders and their staffs, and communications within and between participating headquarters, in which NATO and friendly forces, as well as opposing forces are simulated. All types of NATO Exercises are opportunities for the Alliance to learn what works well and what needs to be improved so that when our Allied Military Forces are deployed to a mission or an operation, they are fully prepared. Analysis and Reporting of the exercise—which encompasses the Lessons Learned process—are included in the final stages of the exercise process, but the JALLC's support to the exercise Lessons Learned process actually begins right at the start of the exercise planning process, which takes about two years from planning to final reporting.
During the planning phase of the exercise, JALLC subject matter experts provide support and advice, based on Lessons Learned from previous exercises, on the specifications of an Exercise (that’s the basic story line of what is going to be practised/tested during the exercise).
During the exercise process, the JALLC also provides Lessons Learned support and advice at relevant milestones where Lessons can and should be captured. Although the JALLC doesn’t actively collect lessons or become part of the Lessons Learned team of a particular exercise, it does provide support and advice to the team, and particularly to the Lessons Learned Staff Officers, responsible for collecting and processing Lessons during the exercise.
The JALLC also provides Lessons Learned training to ensure that those responsible for the Lessons Learned Process during the exercise know how to do it, when to do it, and what to do next. This training is vital to ensure that valuable Lessons are collected from the Exercise, properly analysed and processed, and ultimately learned before the next exercise, operation or mission. This is how NATO ensures that it really learns from its exercises.
The JALLC has a dedicated Support to Exercises team and works closely with our NATO Lessons Learned Portal Management Team and our Outreach and Training Teams to ensure that the valuable Lessons from NATO Exercises can contribute to the Improvement, Innovation, and Transformation of the Alliance.
On 02 September 2002 the JALLC opened its doors for business for the first time. The precursor body to the JALLC was the Permanent Maritime Analysis Team (PAT) based at Northwood, UK, which conducted operational analysis of NATO maritime exercises using a staff predominantly composed of naval officers. The PAT, suitably augmented, formed the core of the team tasked with analysis of the NATO Implementation Force (IFOR) and Stabilization Force (SFOR) operations in the Former Yugoslavia. The final report by the IFOR Joint Analysis Team recognized the lack of a standing NATO joint analysis capability, which led to the formation of a NATO Working Group tasked to develop the concept for a JALLC.
The operational requirement for the JALLC was approved by the NATO Military Committee (MC) in June 1997 and the detailed the JALLC implementation concept, which also recommended that the JALLC be located in Portugal, was approved by the MC on 07 December 2001. The JALLC was activated on 02 September 2002, was formally opened on 06 December 2002 and declared full operational capability on 28 March 2006.
The JALLC's present staff celebrated the JALLC's 16th birthday with an informal barbeque in the JALLC's courtyard. The Commander toasted the JALLC and wished everyone, including the distinguished guests from the Portuguese Air Force base, which hosts the JALLC, happiness and good health.
From 16-18 October 2018, the Civil-Military Centre of Excellence (CCOE) will host the Workshop Analysis Makes the Difference, in The Hague, Netherlands. The workshop aims to strengthen cooperation between the military and civilian spheres by enhancing mutual trust and confidence between NATO, its partners and other international actors. One of the syndicates concentrates on CIMIC Lessons Learned.
The CIMIC Lessons Learned syndicate is a 3-day training course, delivered by the Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre (JALLC). The purpose of the training is to enhance the participant’s awareness in NATO Lessons Learned processes, tools and information sharing with the prospect of fostering cooperation and to improve CIMIC's experience capability. Throughout the training, the participant will get acquainted with NATO's organizational learning, observation collection, basic analysis techniques as in order to cultivate the collection and sharing of CIMIC Lessons Learned.
On 29 August 2018, the Supreme Allied Commander Transformation General Denis Mercier French Air Force visited Portugal to attend a ceremony at the Salão Nobre (Ceremonial Room) of the Portuguese Ministry of Defence, where he was awarded the Portuguese Cross of St. Jorge Medal, 1st Class, by the Portuguese Chief of Defence, Admiral Antonio Silva Ribeiro.
The Cross of St. Jorge Medal is awarded to military or civilians, Portuguese or foreign, by the Portuguese military authorities in recognition of exceptional service in the technical-professional field, high competence, extraordinary performance and relevant personal qualities that contributed significantly to the efficiency, prestige and success of the Portuguese Armed Forces.
The medal was awarded to General Mercier in recognition of his outstanding support to the accomplishment of the mission of the Portuguese Armed Forces within NATO and his exceptional leadership and dedication to the JALLC’s location in Portugal, role, and output for the benefit of NATO. The ceremony was attended, among others, by a number of staff from the Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre (JALLC), which being part of NATO’s Allied Command Transformation, is under the command of General Mercier. The JALLC is NATO’s lead agency for Lessons Learned. All JALLC staff congratulate General Mercier on his receiving the Cross of St. Jorge Medal.
As part of the preparation for Exercise Capable Logistician 2019 (CL19), representatives of the Evaluation, Analysis, and Reporting Capability (EAR-C) Team came to the JALLC to receive Lessons Learned, interoperability evaluation, and analysis related training from JALLC instructors. Exercise CL19 is a Logistic Standardization and Interoperability Field Training Exercise focusing on logistics command and control, as well as theatre level logistics. It will be hosted by Poland in spring 2019.
The EAR-C will assess the interoperability and standardization of the logistical systems and equipment, as well as the commonality of procedures and information/reporting requirements during CL19. These assessments will form the basis for recommendations for improvements that will enhance the overall interoperability and standardization of the logistics systems in support of current and future coalition operations.
The JALLC welcomed the team, highlighting the importance of the EAR-C work and emphasizing the need for such venues as CL19. Further, the importance of standardization and interoperability within the Alliance was noted and participants from the EAR-C were provided with information on the ongoing restructuring efforts at the JALLC, including an explanation of how these improvements will benefit the Alliance.
The EAR-C appreciated the training and support provided by the JALLC and will use the upcoming exercise as a testbed for new LL related technology that the JALLC is currently exploring.
Today, 16 July 2018, the JALLC celebrated the change of command from Brigadier General (BGEN) Mario Barreto to BGEN Antonio Nascimento in the presence of Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT), General Denis Mercier, the Portuguese Chief of Defence, Admiral Antonio Silva Ribeiro, and representatives from NATO, including Military Attachés and Portuguese Flag Officers.
During the ceremony, BGEN Barreto reminded the audience of the achievements of the JALLC over the past two years, including the new visual identity of the JALLC, the improvements to the NATO Lessons Learned Portal, and the upcoming New Technologies Event planned for this October. After the change of command ceremony, during which the JALLC flag passes symbolically between the commanders, the JALLC’s new commander, BGEN Nascimento, addressed the audience noting that his impression of the JALLC is very positive and, despite the relatively short time he will lead the organization (one year), he intends to make that time count. SACT closed the ceremony with a few words of thanks to the JALLC and its staff, noting the ability of the JALLC to adapt quickly to its refocussed mission and welcomed BGEN Nascimento to NATO, Allied Command Transformation, and the JALLC.
SACT and the new Commander JALLC formally celebrated the change of command by cutting a special commemorative cake which was then shared with all present. A full feature of the change of command will be included in the next edition of the JALLC's newsletter, The Explorer.
The NATO-wide Executive Development Programme (NEDP) is NATO's prestigious nine-month course, designed specifically for civilians working in NATO wanting to expand their NATO-horizons. It is comprised of a mix of residential and distance learning modules aimed at building and developing a network of talented international civilians from across the Alliance. The intensive course not only enhances the participants’ knowledge of NATO, its identity, and core values, but also provides insights into a rapidly changing world and the global security environment.
Up to 24 participants are selected each year from across NATO after a rigorous selection procedure to ensure that NATO's best and brightest civilians get the opportunity to expand their horizons and gain a better understanding of the Alliance. The five residential modules see participants travelling across the NATO globe to meet key leadership from NATO HQ, both strategic commands, and various other entities and agencies in NATO that play a significant role in the Way NATO Works. The nine-month distance learning modules take place via an interactive learning platform and cover topics specific to NATO but also more general business management topics
In 2017, the JALLC's Editor, Jodie Lazell, successfully applied to the NEDP and began her learning journey with 23 other NEDP participants hailing from all over NATO, including the International Staff, the Joint Force Training Centre, Joint Force Command Brunssum, and the NATO Information and Communications Agency, to name but a few. The journey began and ended in Brussels with trips to Allied Command Transformation in Norfolk, Virginia, USA, and to the NATO Defence College in Rome, Italy, which gave participants face-to-face time with NATO leadership to learn about the organization and ask questions.
An important part of the NEDP is the analysis project that is assigned to NEDP project teams made up of participants. This year four projects were assigned to the teams covering: Business Continuity, Alternative Analysis. Centres of Excellence, and the project that Jodie worked on: Fostering Alliance Innovation.
The NEDP projects are intended to provide added value for the Alliance and require participants to propose solutions to problems that have been identified by NATO entities acting as project sponsors. The NEDP project teams have the full nine-months to complete the work that includes collecting and analysing data, drawing conclusions, and making recommendations, writing a report on the work conducted, and ultimately presenting findings at the final residential module at NATO HQ in Brussels to a distinguished audience of NATO colleagues.
The JALLC is proud to announce that another of its staff has been accepted into this prestigious programme for the next cycle. The JALLC's Senior Operational Research Analyst, Ms. Katie Mauldin, will join the NEDP for the 2019-2020 cycle. We wish her lots of luck and learning on her journey.
The JALLC provided support to a seminar on Building Integrity (BI) organized by the NATO International Staff (Political Affairs and Security Policy Division) which was held on 24 and 25 May 2018. The seminar was held at the Reduto Gomes Freire base in Oeiras, Portugal and aimed at sharing experiences regarding anti-corruption issues throughout the relevant community of interest, including the NATO Command Structure (Allied Command Transformation, and Joint Force Commands Brunssum and Naples), representatives from the US and Greece, and from the UN Office on Drugs and Crime.
CDR Gabriel Trouvė, a JALLC LL Staff Officer, and Ms. Katie Mauldin, the JALLC’s Senior Operational Research Analyst, joined Ms Susan Pond, Head of NATO' s Building Integrity Programme in one of the sessions to lead a discussion on better ways of sharing Lessons Learned and Best Practices. Ms. Mauldin gave presented how LL process and tools might increase the anti-corruption capability for the benefit of the entire community of interest. This discussion led to the identification of a number of JALLC activities that may benefit the NATO Building Integrity Programme, such as analysis projects, assessment of the NATO LL Process and Lessons Learned Outreach Engagements.
During the seminar, the JALLC' s Chief of Staff, Colonel Santos, met with the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction, Mr Gene Aloise, and the Head of NATO Building Integrity Programme, Ms Susan Pond. They discussed the possibility for further cooperation between the JALLC and the International Staff to benefit the NATO Building Integrity Programme and embed BI into NATO's core tasks (including defence procurement and operational engagements). Throughout the event, the administrative assistance was provided by the JALLC's detachment in Oeiras, 1SAR Fábio Santos.
The JATT was deployed to Kabul,Afghanistan, from 26 March to 06 April, to deliver Lessons Learned (LL) training. RSM is a NATO-led, non-combat mission launched on 01 January 2015, following the conclusion of the previous NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) mission, and the assumption of full security responsibility by the Afghan National Defence and Security Forces (ANDSF). Its purpose is to help the Afghan security forces and institutions develop the capacity to defend Afghanistan and protect its citizens in a sustainable manner.
The training was attended by nine RSM personnel, namely LL Staff Officers and LL Point of Contacts. It provided a common understanding on how NATO is a continuously learning organization and what is the NATO LL capability, thus highlighting the benefits of lessons sharing.
The training provided valuable contributions for the development and reinforcing of the RSM LL capability by providing inputs and advice to build a more robust LL collection and dissemination system.
As part of NATO's Lessons Learned Engagement Plan for 2018, the JALLC Advisory and Training Team (JATT) provided a three-day Lessons Learned (LL) training course from 16-20 April 2018 at the Algeria’s National Center for Lessons Learned (NCLL) in Algiers, Algeria.
The course was attended by 43 Algerian Officers, from various services and agencies throughout the Algerian Government. The course’s main objective was to provide NCLL staff, leadership, and all entities attending an overview of the NATO LL capability by demonstrating how NATO uses analysis techniques, real life examples, practical work, success stories, social media and the challenges of a LL management system.
The NCLL was established in 2015 and is expected to have increased responsibilities in the near future. The installed LL capability may be called upon to assist in other areas of the Algerian Government.
On 01 June, the JALLC participated in the 1st Euro-Mediterranean Security Conference, at Lisbon’s Universidade Autónoma, with a presentationby Lt Col Paulo Dias on “JALLC as the NATO's Lead Agent for Lessons Learned – NATO's Global Security.” This participation in this conference by two JALLC staff is part of an effort for the JALLC to cooperate with academia in order to foster continuous learning and be on the cutting edge of innovation.
The Portuguese Minister for Home Affairs, Eduardo Cabrita, was present at the opening session of this conference. Some of the areas discussed were: "A Geo-Political Conceptualization of Security and the case of the Euro-Mediterranean Region” by Edoardo Boria (CEMAS-La Sapienza), “NATO and EU as stability providers” by Felix Arteaga (Real Instituto Elcano), “Is migration itself a security issue in the Euro-Mediterranean relations?” by Constança Urbano de Sousa (OBSERVARE-UAL), and “Western Mediterranean, migrants’ emergency and security in the 5+5 Defence initiative” by Andrea Carteny (CEMAS-La Sapienza).
The Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa, founded on 13 December 1985, is the oldest private university Portugal, with 30 years of experience serving the academic and student community. The International Relations Department, which organized the conference, dates back to 1989 and aims to contribute to this scientific area through research, graduate and postgraduate training, as well as various engagements and dissemination activities.
From 02 October to 04 October, the Joint Analysis and Lesson Learned Centre (JALLC) will host the New Technologies Event (NTE18) at the Lisbon Congress Centre in Lisbon, Portugal. Collecting, managing, and analysing data is becoming an increasing challenge for any organization. NATO, like any other organization uses data to improve the way it works, including in the field of Lessons Learned and needs to keep up with new technologies (artificial intelligence, machine learning, analytics, polyglot tools, etc.) to ensure the Alliance can make the most of the information available and transform to meet current and future challenges.
NATO’s Allied Command Transformation (ACT) has implemented a Framework for Collaborative Interaction (FFCI) to increase opportunities for industry and academia to contribute to ACT capability development efforts through collaborative work. Against this background, the JALLC, in its capacity as NATO's lead agent for Lessons Learned, was tasked by Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT) to organize an event that would allow industry and academia to get together with NATO and national representatives to look at the suitable solutions based on New Technologies that may support LL processes and address its emerging challenges.
This event—NTE18—will take place in October in Lisbon and will play host to presentations and demonstrations of selected solutions proposed by industry and academia which have the potential to support the improvement of the NATO LL Process. The NTE18 will include trade-fair style booth session where participants will be able to engage directly with one another, as well as plenary sessions with presentations and demonstrations of potential solutions and subject matter expert panel discussions.
If you are interested in attending or participating in the NTE18, please follow the link to the event page on the NATO Lessons Learned Portal where you can find more information and follow instructions on how to register.
On 28 May 2018, Major General Lanza de Cristoforis, Deputy Commander of the Italian Joint Operations HQ, visited the JALLC in order to improve awareness and understanding regarding the NATO Lessons Learned Process and the JALLC's related roles and responsibilities. The way the JALLC is transforming and preparing for the future in support of the NATO Lessons Learned Community was also presented.
The visit started with an Office Call with Brigadier General Mário Barreto – the Commander of the JALLC – which he followed with a tailored briefing, during which Major General Cristoforis was able to discuss the Lessons Learned Processes, in NATO and Italy, with the JALLC's staff.
Major General Cristoforis departed with words of appreciation for the opportunity he had been given to gain a better understanding of the JALLC, and expressing the possibility for cooperation in the sharing of Lessons Learned among NATO nations. This idea was reinforced by the JALLC's Commander, who also stressed that the way forward is for the increase in cooperation between NATO and nations.
The JALLC's Advisory and Training Team (JATT) conducted a three-day Lessons Learned (LL) training course at the Multinational Division North-East (MND NE) in Elblag, Poland from 06 to 08 March 2018. The MND NE was established in 2017 to coordinate activities of the enhanced Forward Presence Battle Groups deployed in the Baltic States and Poland and it is in the going through a benchmarking phase to improve the organization’s business processes. One of the MND NE's aims is to increase the situational awareness in the region and an adequate LL Capability will contribute to a better awareness of the situation in this region.
The training course was attended by 14 military personnel from various services and with different subject matter expertise. The course provided the MND NE staff with knowledge on how to setup NATO LL Capabilities and provided an overview of the analysis techniques, real life examples, practical work, success stories and challenges of a LL management system. The course was one of the steps in the MND NE preparation to achieve Full Capability.
At the end of the course, the MND NE Deputy Commander Brigadier General Karel Rehka stated the interest in additional engagement between the MND NE and the JALLC in the future.
As a result of the 2016 Warsaw Summit, NATO has boosted its forward presence in the eastern part of the Alliance, with four multinational battalion-size battlegroups (BG) in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (B3&P), on a rotational basis.
The JALLC was recently tasked to conduct support Allied Land Command (LANDCOM) in developing an Enhanced Forward Presence (eFP) Handbook that would be based on Lessons Learned since the deployment of the BGs to the B3&P.
A significant number of observations and lessons were collected by the four fully operational BGs and LANDCOM through the implementation of their Lessons Learned process. These observations and lessons were provided to the JALLC which conducted a three-month long content analysis allowing the team to come up with more than 50 good practices, notes, and recommendations which were then grouped into nine different chapters, and a supporting lessons learned annex.
The eFP Handbook guides the reader through the development of the eFP BGs and recognizes the importance of implementing a Lessons Learned process by sharing experiences from past eFP BG's with their current and future counterparts.
The eFP Handbook is intended to be a living document and this first edition will likely be followed by updates incorporating new observations and lessons. In order to capture and collect these potential future observations and lessons the NATO Lessons Learned Portal (NLLP) will continue to serve as a gateway to the NATO Lessons Learned Process. The JALLC will continue to provide NATO-wide support by analysing these lessons in order to exploit their potential value for the whole of the Alliance.
On 24 May 2018, the National Liaison Representatives (NLR) to HQ Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (HQ SACT) visited the JALLC in order to improve awareness and understanding regarding the NATO Lessons Learned Process and the JALLC's related roles and responsibilities, to share best practices in the area of Lessons Learned. The way the JALLC is transforming and preparing for the future in support of the NATO Lessons Learned Community was also presented. The visit, hosted by the JALLC's Chief of Staff, Colonel Henrique Santos, included representatives from the USA, Portugal, Canada, Croatia, Germany, Latvia, Romania, Austria, and Switzerland.
The NLRs are military nationals appointed by their Nation’s government to NATO. The NLRs provide HQ SACT with national viewpoints and information, and serve as a channel of communication between HQ SACT and their national authorities.
The visit aimed to enlighten the NLRs about the role of the JALLC as NATO Lead Agent for Lessons Learned and stressed the fact that the involvement of nations with NATO and the NATO Lessons Learned Process is of mutual benefit for the JALLC, ACT, NATO, and the senior defence leadership of nations involved.
On May 16 and 17 2018, representatives from the Swedish Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Division from the Swedish Armed Forces met with their JALLC counterparts in order to improve awareness and understanding regarding the NATO Lessons Learned Process and the JALLC's related roles and responsibilities, to share best practices, and to investigate how the level of cooperation between the two organizations might be increased. The visiting party from Sweden included LTC Martin Bodin, Chief of their Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Division, Commander Johan Idesjö, and two civilian analysts Mr Michael Aust and Ms Caroline Trulsson.
The JALLC and its Swedish partners have worked together already for many years regarding the now well-established and recognized NATO Lessons Learned Staff Officers Course. This course is held three times a year at the Swedish Armed Forces International Centre (SWEDINT) and sees both JALLC and SWEDINT staff working together to deliver high value training to NATO and National personnel regarding Lessons Learned activities and processes.
The visit confirmed the already deep professional cooperation between the Swedish Armed forces and the JALLC and both parties expressed their wish to continue and expand this valuable relationship.
The JALLC’s mobile training team (the JALLC Advisory and Training Team (JATT) visited the Kosovo Security Forces (KSF) on 26 February on behalf of the NATO Advisory and Liaison Team (NALT) to deliver a three-day Lessons Learned (LL) related training course to 20 KSF participants. The NALT, based in Pristina, was officially created on 28 August 2016 and with regard to KSF they focused on the professional development, sustainability, and interoperability of the force within civil society. They have a staff of 41 military and civilians, including 10 Kosovar staff mainly interpreters. The NALT structure comprises a Command Element, Chief of Staff Support Team, Strategy and Plans Branch and Operations and Support Branches.
The training provided covered topics including briefings on how NATO is a Learning Organization, the NATO LL Capability; and the type of work NATO’s LL practitioners do and how they do it. As always, the JATT’s training was tailored meet the specific needs of the KSF and was much appreciated by all participants and the NALT.
The KSF already have a well-organized LL structure and run a LL process very similar to the NATO LL process, which contributes to the KSFs LL management system. However, the JATT was able to provide advice with regard to the development of an automated LL database which will greatly improve their existing LL tools, process, and structure.
During the visit, the JATT noted that the training provided seemed to offer valuable contributions for the development of the KSF into a sustainable organization, ready to contribute to the internal security and confidence building amongst the regional actors and that the training helped to reinforce the KSF’s ability to use and gain the benefits from an LL capability.
The JALLC has always been a bit of hidden gem in NATO. Not many people within the Alliance, let alone outside of it, really understood what the JALLC was, what we did and how we contribute to the Alliance’s transformation. In 2017, the JALLC's Commander, Brigadier General Mario Barreto, and as part of the NATO Lessons Learned Optimization Action Plan (NLLOAP), recognized the need to increase the JALLC's visibility inside and outside of NATO and raise awareness for the JALLC's activities. The NLLOAP is aimed at optimizing NATO's ability to capture and use Observations, Lessons, and Best Practices in order to transform and meet the needs of the Allies. The JALLC has a big role to play in this process and indeed the NATO Lessons Learned Capability going forwards more generally.
The JALLC's six key activities
NATO LL Portal - The NATO Lessons Learned Portal (the Portal) is NATO's centralized hub for all Lessons-related information. It is managed and maintained by the JALLC, contributing to the NATO Lessons Learned Process.
Analysis - Analysis is an important part of the NATO Lessons Learned Process and is key to transforming Observations into Lessons. The JALLC analyses a wide variety of data tackling NATO-wide issues to improve and transform the Alliance.
Training - The JALLC develops its education and training programme to ensure that the best possible courses are provided on Lessons and Analysis related topics in support of the NATO Lessons Learned Process.
Outreach - The JALLC Advisory & Training Team (JATT) ensures that NATO's Lessons Learned Process and the underlying capability is widely known and used throughout NATO through tailored training and support.
Support to Exercises - The JALLC supports NATO by providing education and/or training to the exercise’s Lessons Learned staff and Key Leaders, and if necessary, supports the analysis process, allowing staff to turn observations into Lessons.
Lessons Learned Events - The Lessons Learned Conference is one of the NATO's Lessons Community’s events to get together and discuss Lessons-related topics.
The Portuguese Air Command based in Lisbon celebrated its 61st anniversary on 06 April in a ceremony chaired by the Air Force Chief of Staff, General Manuel Teixeira Rolo and attended, among others, by the JALLC's Commander, Brigadier General Mário Barreto. The Air Command has hosted the JALLC in Lisbon since 2002.
During the event, the Air Commander, Lieutenant General Joaquim Borrego delivered a speech celebrating the occasion, there was a tribute to Fallen Airmen, and military decorations were awarded to air men and women.
The Air Command is responsible for training, deploying, and sustaining of the operational component of the Portuguese Air Force, as well as for assuring other missions that are assigned to the Air Force. The JALLC wishes the Air Command a very Happy Birthday and a big thank you for being such generous hosts over the years
Hosted by the Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre (JALLC), the NATO Lessons Learned Conference 2018 (Conference) was held on 20 – 22 March 2018 in Oeiras, Portugal at the Lagoas Park Hotel Congress Facilities. Bringing together more than one hundred participants with various backgrounds and from different entities inside and outside of NATO, this year’s Conference aimed to focus on two main themes: Interoperability and Information Exchange of Lessons within NATO and with Partners, including IOs, GOs, and NGOs; and the NATO Lessons Learned Optimization Action Plan (NLLOAP) assessment and adaptation.
This year saw a big change to the format of the Conference. In past years, the Conference has been presented in seminar/presentation format with Participants listening to lectures and briefs on a wide range of topics relating to the Conference theme. This year, Participants were divided into syndicates and worked actively with JALLC staff and Subject Matter Experts (SME) to analyse the theme related topics in more depth and make recommendations for a way ahead for NATO. The syndicate work resulted in a tangible output that can be actioned via the NATO Lessons Learned Portal , NATO's single tool for all Lessons-related information and the digital home of the Conference.
Supreme Allied Commander Transformation, General Denis Mercier (French Air Force) opened the Conference by video. General Mercier emphasized that enhanced interoperability will make sharing lessons easier, and that machine learning, artificial intelligence, and other emerging disruptive technologies will assist the analysis of data in the future. General Mercier was followed by the JALLC's Commander, Brigadier General Mario Barreto (Portuguese Air Force), who noted that, "… the NATO Lessons community must also ensure true interoperability in the lessons learned context, to provide the right processes, tools, structures and training that enable and encourage—and not hinder—the exchange and sharing of information, knowledge, experience, lessons, and best practices"
Subsequently, four SMEs briefed the audience on their syndicate’s topic. Mr. Nick Milton, director, co-founder of Knoco Ltd, and specialist on knowledge management, introduced the procedural dimension of interoperability followed by research analyst at the JALLC, Mr. Stefan Olaru, who spoke about the technical dimension. The human dimension of interoperability was then introduced by Mr. Marvin Lee Thordsen, civilian behavioural analyst who was followed by Brigadier General Henrik Sommer (Danish Army), Assistant Chief of Staff at HQ Supreme Allied Command Transformation ( HQ SACT, who highlighted the crucial work being done on the NATO Lessons Learned Process in the form of the NATO Lessons Learned Optimization Action Plan. This action plan is aimed at significantly improving the way NATO learns from its past experiences in both operations and exercises. The Participants were then introduced to their syndicates and began working on their relative topics under the guidance of JALLC staff and SMEs.
In order to further broaden the Participants understanding and awareness of the Conference themes, a series of SME lectures was offered during the second day of the Conference. Mr. Gilles Hansoul, senior advisor for Operational Affairs at ICRC, spoke about the ICRC-NATO Lessons Learned Dialogue. Colonel Marek Kotowski, Innovation, Doctrine, and Lessons Learned Branch head at HQ SACT, addressed the participants on the topic of Lessons Learned in a multinational environment. Mr. Stefan Olaru spoke about Communication and Information Systems Interoperability Verification and Validation, a hot topic in NATO at the moment and Mr. Marvin Lee Thordsen presented some food for thought on the topic of interoperability. And finally, Mr Nick Milton presented the issue of how to avoid the Garbage In Garbage Out (GIGO) principle in lessons learned. The Participants engaged in a fruitful discussion with the speakers asking lots of thought provoking questions.
The final plenary session of the Conference was opened by the JALLC's Commander who began by re-capping the events of the previous two days, and thanking the participants, as well as everyone who had contributed to making the Conference a success. Mr Ian Richmond, expert from the Crisis Response and Exercises Section in NATO HQ International Staff, followed with a presentation on Lessons Learned related topics from NATO HQ's perspective, the air gap between Lessons Learned at NATO HQ and the NATO Command Structure, and Lessons Learned challenges at the strategic level.
Representatives from each of the syndicate working groups then presented their respective findings which you can read about in the NATO Lessons Learned Conference 2018 Factsheet and in the Conference Report which will be published this Spring.
To conclude the plenary session and the Conference, the JALLC's Commander presented final Conference Statement which represents a summary of all of the key findings from the syndicate work and the best thinking from the Conference. The Commander first stressed the importance of the work done in the syndicates and the effort made by the syndicate chairs, facilitators, and experts as well as the significant level of participation from the conference participants. The Commander then confirmed that the new format of the Conference had been met with many positive remarks and perceived as a fruitful and dynamic way to bring worthwhile suggestions for transformation of NATO.
The next Lessons Learned event on the JALLC's calendar is planned for October and will look at how disruptive technologies can assist in lessons learning. Details on this event will be made available on the JALLC's website and on the NATO Lessons Learned Portal.
This week the JALLC published the March edition of its newsletter, The Explorer. This is the first edition to be published in 2018 and it features specials on the JALLC's 15th Anniversary celebrations, the upcoming NATO Lessons Learned Conference and all the latest news on the JALLC's projects and events. This edition of the Explorer is the first to feature the full new look which was introduced in the Christmas Special Edition. You can find out more about the new look, the rebranding and reorganization of the JALLC's activities in an article on how communication is key to mission success.
On 27 February 2018 Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT), General Denis Mercier (French Air Force), presented two JALLC staff members with Certificates of Commendation. The commendations were awarded during a ceremony with all of the JALLC's staff present, including the JALLC's Commander, Brigadier General Mario Barreto, and Chief of Staff, Colonel Henrique Santos, who congratulated the gentlemen on their commendations.
Mr. Stefan Olaru (Civilian Analyst from Romania) and Dr Henrik Heidenkamp (Civilian Analyst from Germany) were presented with a Certificate of Commendation for meritorious service to NATO by SACT. Both gentlemen were praised for their contribution to the mission success of the JALLC including their activities relating to the production of high quality JALLC Analysis Reports. Mr Olaru distinguished himself through his, “…superior performance with exceptional knowledge, technical acumen, and perseverance in an extremely demanding assignment.” Dr Heidenkamp, was recognized for his “….high-level analysis [conducted] in a truly outstanding manner covering a broad variety of complex themes as well as contributed to the JALLC activities by his outstanding analytical and strategic thinking delivering tangible outcomes.”
The Ceremony was held during SACT's visit to Portugal in connection with the visit of NATO's Military Committee to ACT which took place earlier that week and was hosted by the JALLC at its facilities in Lisbon and the facilities in Oeirias.
At the invitation of Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT), General Denis Mercier, the Military Committee (MC) held their annual meeting with Allied Command Transformation (ACT), but this year SACT chose to invite the MC to visit the Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre (JALLC) in Lisbon, Portugal. The meeting was held at both the JALLC's facilities in Lisbon and the facilities of Naval Striking and Support Forces NATO (STRIKFORNATO) Headquarters on the Reduto Gomes Freire base in Oeiras which afforded the MC the opportunity to meet with representatives from both organizations and see the site for the NATO Information and Communications Academy, which is currently being built there.
After receiving full military honours, General Petr Pavel, the Chairman of the MC (CMC) and the Military Committee received warm welcomes from Chief of Staff HQ SACT, Air Marshal Graham Stacey and the Commander of JALLC, Brigadier General Mario Barreto, before embarking on their two-day formal meeting session which began with a briefing on the JALLC and how it has been refocusing its activities to better support NATO's Lessons Learned Process as part of the NATO Lessons Learned Optimization Plan.
The focus of the Military Committee’s two-day meeting was adaptation and innovation, as part of the continuous effort to ensure the Alliance addresses both current challenges and tasks as well as keeps pace with technological and operational changes.
In order to gain deeper understanding and awareness, the Military Representatives received subject matter expert briefings from senior military and civilian officials from ACT, NATO Headquarters Consultation, Command and Control Staff (NHQC3S), NATO Communication and Information (NCI) Agency, NATO Maritime Command (MARCOM) and STRIKFORNATO. Topics of discussion included NATO Command Structure adaptation, long term military strategic considerations, Cyberspace, emergence of disruptive technologies, and Maritime domain. The visit will also assist ongoing work for the 2018 Summit in Brussels.
At the joint press conference with General Mercier, General Pavel stressed: “The Military Committee’s visit to ACT in Portugal is very timely, as our discussions will be reflected in products for the July NATO Summit and beyond. NATO must be prepared as much for the now as for the future. With an ever changing and complex international security environment affecting strategic assumptions, it is essential that we operate and adapt at the same time”.
SACT noted that, bringing the MC to Portugal was important to highlight the way in which the JALLC has worked to very quickly refocus their activities to meet the needs of the Nations in terms of NATO's Lessons Learned Process and that the JALLC and Portugal remain important to ACT and the Alliance as a whole.
In conjunction with the MC visit, General Mercier and General Pavel also met with the Portuguese Minister of Defence, H. E. Mr. Jose Alberto de Azeredo Lopes and the Portuguese Chief of Defence, General Artur Pina Monteiro.
Video of the visit of the NATO Military Committee to Allied Command Transformation in Portugal
On 27 February 2018, a delegation of the German Armed Forces Command and Staff College (FüAk Bw) visited the JALLC. The delegation consisted of 12 students of the Joint General/Admiral Staff Officer Course (LGAN) lead by Colonel Baum and was accompanied by the German Defence Attaché in Portugal, Commander Palum. All were welcomed at the JALLC by the German Senior National Representative in Portugal and JALLC Operations Division Head, Captain Velten of the German Navy.
Supported by Dr. Henrik Heidenkamp (Civilian Research Analyst at the JALLC), Captain Velten familiarized the FüAk delegation with the German Military Representation in Portugal as well as the JALLC's and NATO's Naval Striking and Support Forces’ (STRIKFORNATO) missions, activities, and organizations. In particular the JALLC hosts explained the JALLC's approach to monitoring and supervising the NATO LL process, the collection and sharing of Lessons as well as the JALLC's training, advising and assessment activities. Every year 100 national and international students from the German Army, Airforce, Navy, the Central Medical Service, and Geoinformation Service join the two-year LGAN – the most demanding course of the FüAk Bw.
The visit concluded the FüAk delegation’s visit to Lisbon during which delegation members gained insights into factors influencing Portugal’s security and defence policy, the command organization of the Portuguese Armed Forces, and its process of transformation.
On 01 March 2018, the JALLC was visited by the Portuguese Flag Officer/General Officer Course 2017/2018. The visiting party included the Director of the Course, Major-General Jorge Andrade, 6 Navy Commanders, 10 Army Colonels (2 from Brazil and 1 from Sao Tome and Principe), 6 Air Force Colonels (1 from Brazil) and Colonel Rui Tendeiro. During the visit, the JALLC's Commander, Brigadier General Mário Barreto provided the visiting officers with information on the JALLC, its strategic relevance, organization, responsibilities and activities.
The Commander also detailed the on-going process of developing and improving the NATO Lessons Learned Portal and the upcoming NATO Lessons Learned Conference which will be organized by the JALLC in Lisbon during the month of March 2018. During the conference, Allied and Partner nations' officers will have the chance to provide feedback about the tools and processes NATO is using within the Lessons Learned environment.
On February 27 and 28, 2018, 50 participants from 21 countries came together to Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, for the inaugural Science and Technology Organization (STO) Technology Trends workshop, organized by the STO Office of the Chief Scientist and hosted by the STO Collaboration Support Office.
This two day meeting was the first of two workshops aiming to identify technology trends that will be potentially disruptive for defence in the short, medium, and long term up to and beyond 20 years. Nations need to identify and assess militarily relevant technology trends in order to understand how these trends could influence the future operating environment and the capabilities of Allies, Partners, and potential adversaries.
In the morning of the first day, experts from the Fraunhofer INT (Germany), the Finnish Defence Research Agency (Finland), Armasuisse (Switzerland), TNO (The Netherlands), and Defence Research and Development Canada (Canada) briefed participants on the technology trends being monitored by their respective nations, and representatives from the STO Panels and Group provided updates on their Technology Watch cards. These briefs served as inspiration for the rest of the workshop, in which participants engaged in lively brainstorming about technologies that may disrupt defence in the near (< 6 years), medium (6-20 years), and long (20+ years) term. Under the guidance of NATO alternative analysis facilitators from Allied Command Transformation (ACT): WO Tibor Karamos (HQ Supreme Allied Command Transformation (SACT)), Ms Katie Mauldin (Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre (JALLC)), and Cdr David Stoffell (HQ SACT), participants arranged individual ideas as leaves on trees representing broader technology categories, with branches growing from near to long term.
The next stage of the workshop involved pruning ideas and cross-fertilization between trees for refinement. Then participants voted on the branches with greatest potential impact. Trees with the largest number of votes were further refined by small groups of participants, and were then presented at the end of the workshop. The ten trees presented encompassed the following areas: Space, New Weapons, Autonomous Systems and Countermeasures, Energy, Human Capability Enhancement, Computing Superiority, Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Sensors, Assured Connectivity, and Manufacturing. Additional trees identified as important covered Ethics, Culture, and Environment.
The first workshop was a great success, not only resulting in the identification of several technology trends likely to be disruptive to defence in the future, but also offering participants the opportunity to network with other experts in the fields of science, technology, and foresight from NATO and partner nations and organizations.
The second workshop in this series will invite military personnel to offer their input on the military applications of the technology trends identified in the first workshop. A full report based on the results from both workshops is expected in November of 2018.
The maritime domain was the focus of the final day of the Military Committee’s (MC) visit to Portugal. The Military Representatives were briefed by Commander MARCOM, Vice Admiral Clive Johnstone, on the Maritime Environment with additional presentations on specific NATO maritime activities such as those in the Black Sea region and Operation Sea Guardian. Maritime security is high on NATO’s agenda. As part of the 2011 Alliance Maritime Strategy and in line with the Alliance’s maritime posture, Allied decided at the Warsaw Summit in July 2016 to transform article 5 operation Active Endeavour into a maritime security operation named Operation Sea Guardian. This operation was created at the Warsaw Summit in July 2016. It can perform a broad range of maritime security tasks and is currently operating in the Mediterranean Sea. You can read more about Operation Sea Guardian on NATO’s website.
These presentations were followed by a briefing by STRIKFORNATO (NATO’s Naval Striking and Support Force, based in Oeiras, Portugal)) on its mission, structure, and activities intended to inform the MC of how STRIKFORNATO works to integrate High-End US assets into NATO’s Maritime capability and provide rapidly deployable maritime and amphibious forces to Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR). The final presentation of the MC’s visit was on the topic of Ballistic Missile Defence, providing the MC with an overview of the status of this important NATO capability, the range and scope of protection it affords, and future plans. Proliferation of ballistic missiles poses an increasing threat to Allied populations, territory and deployed forces. Many countries have, or are trying to develop or acquire ballistic missiles. The proliferation of these capabilities does not necessarily mean there is an immediate intent to attack NATO, but it does mean that the Alliance has a responsibility to take this into account as part of its core task of collective defence. You can read more about NATO’s Ballistic Missile Defence capability.
The Chairman of the MC, General Petr Pavel (Czech Army) wrapped up the final day and the MC’s visit more generally by thanking all involved in the organization of the visit, including the JALLC and Portugal as the Host Nation, and emphasized the need for continued discussion in the MC on many of the topics touched upon during this productive and successful off-site session.
From 26-28 February, NATO’s Military Committee (MC) visited Allied Command Transformation (ACT), one of the two NATO Strategic Commands. This year, at the request of Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT), General Denis Mercier (French Air Force), the JALLC hosted the visit at NATO’s facilities in Lisbon and Oeiras in Portugal.
The second day of NATO’s Military Committee (MC) visit to Allied Command Transformation (ACT), as part of a three-day working session, saw the topic of technology being discussed in more detail. Specifically, how new technologies can be better utilized to improve the Alliance’s capabilities and how the use of advanced and emerging technology can be integrated into the way NATO works.
The final topic discussed during the formal MC meeting was Human Capital as a game changer for NATO, in particular in the context of emerging technologies and how they relate to NATO personnel. After an explanation on the topic from ACT’s perspective from Deputy Chief of Staff Joint Force Trainer, Major General Stefano Salamida (Italian Air Force), an interesting and productive discussion ensued among the Military Representatives. The number of questions asked and statements made by the MC and ACT during the discussion clearly highlighted the importance of the issue, not only for NATO, but also for the Nations. The discussion focussed on a number of related topics such as the changing recruitment requirements for military as we move more and more into the digital era, with many Nations noting that, although there was an increased need to recruit so-called Digital Warriors, who need to be able to absorb and exploit new technologies from a military perspective, there is still a need to maintain conventional military requirements.
The MC then went on to discuss topics related to the Cyber Domain with speakers addressing many related topics such as NATO’s Cyberspace Domain Roadmap and the Operationalization of the Cyberspace Domain. Cyber threats and attacks are becoming more common, sophisticated, and damaging. The Alliance is faced with an evolving complex threat environment. In recent events, cyber-attacks have been part of hybrid warfare. NATO and its Allies rely on strong and resilient cyber defences to fulfil the Alliance’s core tasks of collective defence, crisis management, and cooperative security. NATO needs to be prepared to defend its networks and operations against the growing sophistication of the cyber threats and attacks it faces. You can find out more on Cyber Defence in NATO by following this link .
At a joint press conference given by SACT and General Petr Pavel (Czech Army; chairman of the MC (CMC) since June 2015) both gentlemen reiterated the importance of the opportunity for the MC and ACT to meet and discuss such relevant topics. They also highlighted the role the JALLC plays in NATO’s Lessons Learned Process and thanked Portugal, the Host Nation of the JALLC and this week’s event, for its continuing commitment and contribution to the Alliance.
Tomorrow, 28 February, is the last day of the MC’s visit to ACT and to Portugal and will see the members of the MC looking at NATO’s maritime capabilities in more depth.
From 26-28 February, NATO’s MC is visiting one of the two NATO Strategic Commands; ACT. This year, at the request of Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT), General Denis Mercier (French Air Force), the JALLC is hosting the visit at NATO’s facilities in Lisbon, Portugal.
From 26-28 February, NATO’s Military Committee (MC) is visiting one of the two NATO Strategic Commands; Allied Command Transformation (ACT). This year, at the request of Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT), General Denis Mercier (French Air Force), the JALLC is hosting the visit at NATO’s facilities in Lisbon, Portugal.
Today marked the first day of the three-day working visit of the MC. SACT himself kicked off the first day’s talks by welcoming the MC, chaired by General Petr Pavel (Czech Army; chairman of the MC (CMC) since June 2015), to the JALLC’s facilities at the Portuguese Air Force Base in Lisbon.
SACT stressed the importance of Lessons Learned (LL) in the Alliance and how the NATO Command Structure (NCS) adaptation is an opportunity for ACT and the MC to how together to improve NATO. The JALLC’s Commander, Brigadier General Mario Barreto (Portuguese Air Force), followed SACT informing the MC of the JALLC’s refocused mission, its activities, and the NATO Lessons Learned Portal, NATO’s single tool for Lessons-related information.
An interesting discussion on Lessons Learned ensued, with representatives from various Nations asking pertinent questions on the NATO Lessons Learned Process, the Portal, and the JALLC's role. Questions were answered by ACT's leadership including the JALLC's commander. All formed the morning session productive and informative. You can find out more about the NATO Lessons Learned Portal on our website and by watching this informative video.
The second part of the visit took place at the Reduto Gomes Freire Base in Oeiras, just outside of Lisbon. SACT first briefed the MC in more detail on the adaptation of the NCS from ACT’s perspective and informed the representatives of how ACT is contributing to the adaptation process and to ensuring that the Alliance is Fit for Purpose. Chief of Staff HQ SACT, Air Marshall Sir Graham Stacey (British Air Force) contributed to the discussion noting that NATO needs to be a flexible, adaptive, and responsive organization for this century’s threats. The MC posed questions to ACT’s leadership, including Deputy Chiefs of Staff from NATO’s Joint Force Trainer and the Military Partnership on topics such as resourcing, the future of the Alliance, and the coordination and working relationship between ACT and Allied Command Operations. This presentation was then followed by discussion on various related topics including the Future Framework for Alliance Operations.
This first day, was deemed informative and productive by all with many relevant topics being addressed by key speakers and discussed among the MC. Tomorrow, 27 February, sees the MC gathering again to further discuss the future of the Alliance. The JALLC is proud to host this event and looks forward to fruitful discussions during these three days.
On 01 February 2018, the JALLC was visited by the Chief of Staff and Deputy Director of the NATO Communications and Information Systems Agency (NCIA), Rear Admiral Thomas Daum (German Navy). During the office call, the JALLC's Commander, Brigadier General Mário Barreto, and Rear Admiral Daum shared and discussed their strategic visions of NATO and the new Cyber Domain of Warfare. This was a particularly interesting visit for both NATO bodies as the JALLC is currently in the process of developing and improving the NATO Lessons Learned Portal and NCIA is a key NATO entity in which regards software development.
Another topic discussed was the upcoming NATO Lessons Learned Conference which will be organized by the JALLC in Lisbon during the month of March 2018. During the conference Allied and Partner nations' officers will have the chance to provide feedback about the tools and processes NATO is using within the Lessons Learned environment.
The visit ended with the Rear Admiral signing the book of honour, where he expressed the intention carry on supporting the JALLC in its Information Technologies requirements.
On 30 January 2018, the JALLC received the visit of the Norwegian Ambassador to Portugal – His Excellency Anders Erdal. The Ambassador had an Office Call with the JALLC's Commander—Brigadier General Mário Barreto—followed by a briefing on the JALLC's mission, activities, its role, and overall contribution to the Transformation of the Alliance.
The ensuing discussion among the Ambassador and the JALLC's staff attending the briefing, provided the diplomat with an improved understanding of the Centre’s latest analytical projects and Lessons Learned related activities.
This visit formed part of the JALLC's wider outreach and communications plan which is intended to increase the JALLC's visibility both inside and outside of NATO as well as improve the understanding of the JALLC's activities and contribution to NATO.
On the morning of 26JAN18, the JALLC received the visit of NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. The Secretary General was accompanied by the Portuguese Minister of Defense José Azeredo Lopes and several other NATO and Portuguese dignitaries. During the visit to the JALLC, the Secretary General had an office call with the JALLC Commander Brigadier General Mário Barreto, followed by a briefing about the refocused mission of the JALLC.
After the briefing, the Secretary General addressed the staff of the JALLC, thanking them for the good work the Centre has been doing for the past 15 years, and expressing his confidence in the restructuring process the JALLC is undergoing in order to lead the Lessons Learned Process in NATO. In his address, he stated that:
"The JALLC is key for NATO's adaptation"
He emphasized this point with the example of a JALLC analysis report on Defence Metrics, which he often uses as a reference in discussions with Nations, particularly regarding the issue of burden sharing in NATO. Referring to Lessons Learned activities, the Secretary General said:
"At the end of the day, this is all about saving lives"
He finished by thanking all JALLC staff members for their commitment and contribution to the Alliance's shared security.
The video of NATO Secretary General, Jens Stoltenberg, visit to JALLC
The NATO Lessons Learned Portal is the Alliance’s centralized hub for all things related to Lessons learned. It is managed and maintained by the JALLC, acting as NATO's leading agent for Lessons Learned.
Observations and Best Practices that may lead to Lessons to be Learned can be submitted to the Portal, and the JALLC will ensure that these Observations find their way through the NATO Lessons Learned Process.
The information shared on the NATO Lessons Learned Portal can help saving lives.
The little piece of information you have, may be the fragment missing to understand the bigger problem/solution – make sure you share it.