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North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Joint Analysis & Lessons Learned Centre

NATO's Lead Agent for Joint Analysis

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NATO Lessons Learned Conference 2016 - Day 2

Conference participants and discussion panel presentation

On 30 November 2016, the JALLC hosted the second and final day of the NATO Lessons Learned Conference, at the Portuguese Military Academy in Amadora, Lisbon. Conference participants continued to discuss topics around the conference theme: The Future of Lessons Learned: Innovation and Improvement.

The day was opened by the JALLC’s Commander, Brigadier General Mário Barreto (PRT Air Force) referring to Supreme Allied Commander Transformation’s opening remarks the day before regarding the power of learning lessons as a key force multiplier for the Alliance. The Brigadier General went on to underline that standardization is what NATO is known for, but recognized that improvement is needed with specific regard to the Lessons Learned Process. The panel members then briefed the audience on NATO’s Lessons Learned support to Nations. For example, the JALLC’s Principal Operational Research Analyst noted that NATO should improve the use of its formal tools, such as the NATO Lessons Learned Portal (NLLP), but should remember to foster more informal, flexible interaction and sharing of ideas and experiences among the Nations.

The briefings were followed by an interactive and fruitful exchange between the panel members and the audience, which generated more ideas for the improvement of the Lessons Learned Process. In particular, the need for validation, the possibility of providing feedback to Nations contributing to the NLLP, and the importance of interoperability (including in the cyber domain) were discussed.

Brigadier General Mário Barreto, opens the first panel on the second day

The second panel of the day covered the topic of how to improve interaction between NATO and its Centres of Excellence (COEs). The key speaker, Captain Renée van Pamelen-Hollenberg, Director Command and Control (C2) COE, began by referring to Einstein’s famous definition of insanity – doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results – and challenged the Lessons Learned Community to avoid falling into that trap. She spoke about how NATO COEs can support the Alliance in its transformation, acting as agents of change, promoting new concepts, and helping different entities achieve the most effective Lessons Learned Process. She was followed by representatives from four other COEs: Confined and Shallow Waters (CSW), Modelling and Simulation, Mountain Warfare, and Human Intelligence (HUMINT). Each spoke about the challenges they face in implementing the Lessons Learned Process, and their solutions: these include assessing and improving future Joint Analysis Requirements, mobilizing Communities of Interest, running workshops on the Lessons Learned Process, and many others. Finally, Commander Cesar Correia (HQ SACT CAPDEV CEI TNB COE Section) summed up the relationship between COEs and the Alliance as being one of mutual benefit. This relationship must be fostered if innovation and improvement are to be secured for the future of the Alliance.

DSACT, Admiral Manfred Nielson, addressed the conference audience on the final day

The final panel of the day, and of the conference, focussed on Member Nations’ Lessons Learned support to NATO. Opening the panel, key speaker Major General (Ret) Eric Roussel (FRA Army) presented the Lessons Learned from three French operations carried out in Africa between 2013 and the present day: Operation Serval, Operation Sangaris, and Operation Barkhane. He underlined the need for the Alliance to improve its role as a facilitator for the exchange of these as well as other National Observations and Lessons. Following this introduction, panel members went on to provide insights into their Nations’ or organizations’ Lessons Learned Processes. For example, Commander Todd Copeland (Joint Lessons Learned Division (formerly Joint and Coalition Operational Analysis division)) highlighted their Joint Lessons Learned Information System (JLLIS) and Lieutenant Colonel Hesse provided a quick overview of Germany’s Lessons Learned related activities and results.

Deputy Supreme Allied Commander, Admiral Manfred Nielson (DEU Navy), closed the conference, confirming that, “Learning Lessons is an essential part of the continuous adaptation, innovation, and transformation of the Alliance.” He went on to thank the JALLC for its efforts in organizing and hosting the conference, and confirmed that the JALLC will continue to play a crucial role in shaping NATO’s future.

Finally, the JALLC’s Commander, Brigadier General Mário Barreto, summed up the conference in his closing remarks, thanking everyone involved for their contribution and reminding the audience that, “We are the future of the Lessons Learned Process and it is the responsibility of us all to contribute to that future.”

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NATO Lessons Learned Conference 2016 - Day 1

Supreme Allied Commander, General Denis Mercier, opens the 13th NATO Lessons Learned Conference by video

On 29 November 2016, the 13th edition of the NATO Lessons Learned Conference was attended by presenters and guests from NATO and non-NATO nations as well as from various organizations and NGOs. Participants were welcomed by the JALLC's Commander, Brigadier General Mário Barreto (Portuguese Air Force). The theme of this year’s conference is, “The Future of Lessons Learned: Innovation and Improvement” which will be discussed and explored by NATO's Lessons Learned Community during a series of compelling briefings and panel discussions.

Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT), General Denis Mercier (French Air Force), opened the conference by video, stating that, “Learning lessons is a starting point for [NATO's] Transformation. Transformation, however, is not an end in itself but rather a process that delivers a tangible output: NATO's posture.”

Participants attending the NLLC 2016

After some introductory words by the JALLC's Commander, the conference then kicked off with two NATO updates, the first of which was presented by Lieutenant Colonel Scarabotto (HQ SACT CAPDEV CEI IDLL). He began by presenting an overview of where the NATO Lessons Learned Process currently stands, providing suggestions on how to move forward to ensure the Alliance’s transformation. Lieutenant Colonel Scarabotto further noted that NATO's Lessons Learned Process faces the challenge of capturing lessons throughout the wide array of training events, exercises, and operations. Finally, he suggested the way ahead may be to share our Lessons Learned more effectively with each other, utilize the same process, and ensure shared awareness of each other’s Lessons Learned.

The second update was presented by Brigadier General Von Sandrart (SHAPE ACOS J7) who focused on Lessons Learned from the perspective of Allied Command Operations (ACO). Although NATO, in terms of both strategic commands, faces many challenges, as, the Brigadier General stated, “We can mitigate these challenges and be better, but it is all about working together and not against one another.” NATO increasing its efforts in this area will allow the Alliance to improve and focus on the strategic level in the changing global security threat environment. Finally, he suggested that an exercise could be developed, as a high priority, that would allow NGOs to participate, thereby increasing NATO's civil-military cooperation.

BGEN Jurgen-Joachim von Sandrart and Mr Mark Laity speeking

The updates were followed by the conference’s first panel which covered SACT's six key focus areas— Command and Control (C2), Logistics and Sustainability, Training and Exercises, Partnerships, Capabilities, and Human Resources—and how key lessons can be used to cultivate the transformational mindset and ultimately build NATO's capabilities. Lieutenant General Lofgren (HQ SACT DCOS CAPDEV), key speaker of the panel, emphasized that NATO needs to build on the momentum created by people attending exercises through capturing lessons and ensuring an integrative approach to transformation. Each of the panel members then spoke on a different key focus area. For example, Lieutenant Colonel Szmuck (HQ SACT JFT JETE) highlighted NATO's integration of previous exercises into current and future training missions and Colonel Malessa (HQ SACT CAPDEV C2DS) spoke on the future of C2 and a closer relationship between ACO and Allied Command Transformation in order to work towards the same vision.

The NATO Readiness Action Plan (RAP) was the topic of the second panel which was introduced by Brigadier General Corell (HQ MND SE) who spoke on the importance of a strong training process for the staff tasked with the setup of a new HQ. Among the other panel members, Mr Mark Laity (STRATCOM SHAPE P1) discussed the value that STRATCOM has gained from incorporating Lessons Learned and the way forward to continue increasing the capability and Lieutenant Colonel Lis (DTC PAF) and Colonel Pappal (US CALL) gave their Nations’ perspectives on Exercise ANAKONDA-16.

The first day of the conference closed with the third panel, which was presented by Professor John Louth from the Royal United Services Institute and Mr Enrique Martin from E&Q Engineering who gave the audience their insights on Lessons Learned from their respective organizations’ perspective.

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The Commander JALLC

Aug 2016

The Brigadier-General Salvação Barreto

Brigadier-General (BGEN) Mário Salvação Barreto was born in Lisbon, Portugal in 1963. He joined the Portuguese Air Force Academy in 1982 where he completed a degree in Aeronautical Military Sciences and became a military pilot in the Undergraduate Pilot Training Course in Vance AFB, Oklahoma, USA in 1988.

He qualified as a fighter pilot in 1989 and subsequently acquired extensive experience flying in combat squadrons both as an operational commander and as an Intelligence/Electronic Warfare officer. He has flown more than 2300 hours, the vast majority in the A-7P Corsair II and F-16A/B Fighting Falcon, both in offensive and defensive air operations, including maritime environment and combat missions in the Balkans during Exercise DETERMINED FALCON, and Operation ALLIED FORCE. Since 1998, he has commanded several overseas Portuguese Air Force detachments in conflict scenarios, such as the Portuguese F-16 Detachment, in Aviano, Italy, during Operation ALLIED FORCE, and the Detached Commander for the Portuguese-Belgian C-130 deployment in Kabul Airport KAIA for the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) mission in Afghanistan.

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LL Conference 2016

NATO Lessons Learned Conference 2016

NATO Lessons Learned conference 2016

"The Future of Lessons Learned: Improvement and Innovation" The 13th NATO Lessons Learned Conference was held from 29 to 30 November 2016 at the Portuguese Military Academy, Amadora, Portugal.
The aim of this Conference is to assess how NATO’s Lessons Learned Capability supports the Alliance’s ability for improvement and innovation.

Information about Day 1 and Day 2 is already available. The conference report will be available here soon.

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Launch of NATO Force Structure Joint Task Force Headquarters Handbook

The Handbook being signed

On 29 November 2016, the Signing Ceremony for the NATO Force Structure (NFS) Joint Task Force (JTF) HQ Handbook took place at the 2016 NATO Lessons Learned Conference in Lisbon, Portugal. The Handbook was signed by Brigadier General Mário Barreto, Commander of the JALLC, Captain Reneé van Pamelen-Hollenberg, Director NATO Command and Control Centre of Excellence (C2COE), and Lieutenant Colonel Jacek Ropejko, Branch Chief, Quality Assurance (Lessons Learned) of the Joint Warfare Centre (JWC). Lieutenant Colonel Ropejko was representing Major General Andrzej Reudowicz, Commander of the JWC. The Signing Ceremony marked the official launch of the Handbook.

The NFS JTF HQ Handbook is the result of a three-year cooperative effort between the JALLC, the JWC, and the C2COE. It combines observations, insights, and analysis from the TRIDENT JAGUAR series of NATO exercises, which took place in 2014, 2015, and 2016. The exercises aimed to test the readiness of NATO’s Graduated Readiness Forces (Land) to perform as JTF HQs, a role that was assigned to them as part of the framework for a new NATO Command Structure agreed at the Lisbon Summit in 2010. As the NATO transformational and operational communities developed the NFS JTF HQ concept, commanders, staff officers, subject matter experts, and analysts identified good practices and areas for further study and reflection.

Speaking at the Signing Ceremony, Brigadier General Barreto said: “It is a pleasure and an honour to sign this Handbook, which is an example of true teamwork between the JALLC, the JWC, and the C2COE. My best congratulations go to the authors and everyone else involved in its production.”

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Vice Chief of Staff for Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe visits the JALLC

Vice Chief of Staff and JALLC Commander

On 21 October 2016, Vice Chief of Staff (VCOS) for Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) – Lieutenant General Hugues Delort-Laval (French Army)–visited the JALLC. Although LTG Delort-Laval only started his post as VCOS SHAPE on 01 November he took time out of his busy schedule prior to his appointment to tour some of the important entities in the NATO Command structure to better understand their capabilities and how they work within the Alliance.

The JALLC was the last entity to be visited and, as the JALLC has always maintained close working relations supporting SHAPE, it was deemed important by LTG Yakovleff, the outgoing VCOS SHAPE, to have his successor visiting the JALLC.

During this very informative first visit to the JALLC, speaking to the JALLC's command group and other participants, LTG Delort-Laval noted in particular the value that the JALLC contributes to Allied Command Operations (ACO) and NATO in general and shared his intent to ensure that ACO will be continue to work closely with the JALLC.

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JALLC hosts RUSI Seminar on Research Methods in Defence

RUSI Seminar on Research Methods in Defence groupe picture

On 11 October 2016 the JALLC hosted a seminar on “Research Methods in Defence” in cooperation with the London-based think tank: Royal United Services Institute (RUSI). The seminar was conducted by two researchers from RUSI: Professor John Louth and Dr Lauren Twort at the JALLC’s facilities in Lisbon, Portugal.

During the seminar RUSI's Professor Louth showed the audience how a fully-integrated research programme for a research question—defined in cooperation with the audience—could be developed. A broad range of topics regarding ways and means to approach defence research were then covered by the RUSI speakers during the seminar including the integration of project management and research methodologies, the application of qualitative and quantitative methods, the embedding of stakeholder management, and the assessment of value and impact, and RUSI's best practices in analysis and policy advice were also shared with the audience.

The seminar forms part of the RUSI-JALLC partnership framework agreed in May 2016, which includes a workshop covering JALLC project themes, two lectures on contemporary, strategic-level defence and security topics, and a major corporate RUSI membership for the JALLC. Not only JALLC civilian and military staff members attended the seminar, but also participants from the Portuguese defence community.

Commenting on the successful delivery of the Research Method in Defence seminar, the JALLC's Commander, Brigadier General Mário Barreto (Portuguese Airforce) stated:

“The seminar has provided the participants with valuable insights into the best-practices of defence analysis and policy advice as applied by one of the world’s most recognized think tanks. It allowed the participants to critically reflect on their own approaches to defence analysis and policy advice and offered important food for thought how to improve them.”

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